«The Future of the Eurasian Economic Union: Economic Digitalization and the Youth» is the topic of the Annual Report 2019 of the Integration Club under the Speaker of the Russian Federation Council. Over the 5 years since the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Union was signed on May 29, 2014, the EEU has proved its efficiency for the member states and also has earned an important position among world’s regional integration groupings. In particular, this can be seen by the surge of the third countries interest in cooperation with the EEU. To maintain such a positive dynamics it is needed today to define the future development direction of the Eurasian integration. For that purpose greater attention should be given to the work in the sphere of the digitalization of the EEU economy and implementation by the member states the youth policy which could respond to present day challenges. In this context, the aim of politicians, scientists and experts is to find the appropriate solutions to provide connection between these two large processes. The opinions and estimates by the Integration Club members on that topic as well as the club events papers and the articles provided by the leading universities, think tanks and state authorities are presented in the report. The report would be helpful for those interested in the Eurasian integration and its prospect in today’s world.
The authors consider more promising areas of the EAEU member states’ supranational competencies, where application of the OECD standards could create the highest “added value” for the Eurasian economic integration. Based on an analysis of Russian and the EAEU strategic planning documents, and the OECD best practices and experience of cooperating with integration associations, the paper presents a number of pilot projects in the scope of which the above standards were applied in the most important areas of the Eurasian economic integration. However, the list of pilot projects (in areas such as tax policy, antimonopoly regulation, supporting SMEs, trade policy, and digital agenda) is not exhaustive, while the proposals for applying the OECD standards and best practices in the EAEU need to be further discussed with the Union member states, and require adequate political approval. The supranational consultation mechanism for these topics should be supported by a comprehensive assessment of the socio-economic benefits of applying the OECD standards in the EAEU member states, and of the integration effects for the Union as a whole.
While the number of non-tariff barriers in the world is rising, the EAEU is pursuing a decrease of NTBs – and alignment of technical standards with the EU. However, immediate benefits to European companies have not yet materialised.
In May 2019 we will celebrate the fifth anniversary of the signing of the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) and the 25th anniversary of the idea of modern Eurasian integration. Since then, the Eurasian Economic Union established itself as a quite successfully developing, open and attractive integration block, which has indeed become the indisputable reality of the economic processes in Eurasia. Perhaps enough time has passed so that we might begin to think about a “theory of Eurasian integration” in itself, as well as to outline its potential contents.
The research on technical regulations and standards highlights that the EAEU is already implementing many EU standards as the basis for reforming and modernizing its former GOST regulations and standards. In addition the EAEU is adopting many standards of the international standards organizations (ISO, IEC, ITU), which work very closely in partnership with the European standards organizations (CEN, CENELEC, ETSI), such that international and European standards are to a large degree identical. This means that the legal and technical infrastructure for non-tariff barriers of the two parties is already converging. This makes non-tariff barriers a potentially fertile field for cooperation between the EU and EAEU, which in turn could mean easier access to markets and increased mutual trade. In this case, the potential format and extent of cooperation could extend to include a Mutual Recognition Agreement (MRA) on Conformity Assessment, through to the most ambitious formula (in EU practice) of the Agreement on Conformity Assessment and Acceptance of Industrial Products (ACAA). Such arrangements would in principle ideally form part of a free trade agreement. Such scenarios can be technically specified, but of course they would have to rely on demanding political conditions which today are not satisfied.
Introduction. The paper describes the role of Russian transnational corporations in the development and implementation of the Adults’ Education and Vocational Education and Trainings programs in foreign countries as the promotion of Russian technologies. As the competition between the universities in the international educational markets rises, they see the increasing need for the fixation of the programs they offer onto the needs of the global companies, broadening the possibilities for the students to obtain relevant qualifications and skills, and corresponding diversification of educational programs. Among the possible directions for the increase in the educational services that are offered for export could be adults’ educational programs, vocational education and trainings. Materials and Methods. The study of the additional vocational education programs for foreign students was carried out with specialized questionnaire. 180 higher education institutions took part in the survey. The analysis of the corporate segment of additional professional education services for foreign markets was carried out on the basis of semi-formalized in-depth expert interviews. Results. Based on the collected empirical data we were able to identify main participants of the Adults’ Education and Vocational Education and Trainings export and structure and spheres of the programs as well as target countries in this market in three years’ time. It was revealed that the most successful providers of the educational programs are the universities that on the one hand offer already well developed and sought-after educational programs on the Russian Adults’ Education and Vocational Education and Trainings market, and on the other hand – already have stable partnership ties with countries that send students to undergraduate programs.
Discussion and Conclusion. This study elaborates on the role of universities in promoting competitive technologies through the distribution of Adults’ Education and Vocational Education and Trainings. Mechanisms for formation and implementation of corporate training programs by universities for Russian industrial corporations are structured. Barriers for the attraction of foreign students are discussed to increase the scope of training. Results of the study can be recommended for the universities concerned with the development of the Adults’ Education and Vocational Education and Trainings sector in the international context.
In connection with a number of significant events that took place in May 2018, the HSE research group offers readers a special edition of the Eurasian Panorama devoted to the analysis of the four directions of Eurasian integration.
On May 14, 2018, at the summit of the Supreme Eurasian Economic Council, Moldova became the first country to be granted the status of an observer state with the EAEU. What gives such a status, in what conditions was it granted and what can be done to fill it with content?
On May 17, 2018, at the Astana Economic Forum, two strategic agreements were signed: one on the establishment of a temporary free trade area with Iran, and one on trade and economic cooperation with China. What is the essence of and are the differences between these agreements, and what will they give to the Eurasian business community?
From May 23 to May 26, 2018, the annual St. Petersburg International Economic Forum was held. This year the main topic of the business forum was the digital economy, including, in Eurasian integration. How to correctly implement the digitalization of the Eurasian Union?
In addition, the Eurasian Economic Commission made public the results of the first two years of participation of Armenia and Kyrgyzstan in the Eurasian Economic Union, and the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) in Vienna (Austria) presented research papers on the harmonization of technical regulation systems, increasing foreign direct investment and developing transport communications between the EU and the EAEU.
These topics are covered in detail in this special issue.
This month is also exactly four years from May 29, 2014 - the date of signing the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Union. We have the honor to congratulate you on this anniversary!
This article provides a review of theses presented at the round table “The Strategy of Sustainable Development in the Context of 21st c. Political Processes,” held at the Lomonosov Moscow State University Department of Political Science in conjunction with the V International Scholarly Congress “Global Studies-2017” (Moscow, September 25-30, 2017). Participants focused on the complex of political, philosophical, social and economic problems connected with the “sustainable development” category.
This study aims to assess future prospects for Russian energy exports until 2040, as global energy markets are undergoing major changes, with possible impacts on Russia.
Qualitative and quantitative approaches are integrated under a proposed foresight framework. The qualitative method involves an expert survey aimed at identifying major energy trends and their influence on Russia. As the trends are validated, an algorithm is proposed to assess the contribution of separate trends to Russian energy exports.
Experimental quantitative scenarios are conducted to assess the prospects for Russian energy exports until 2040 under the given exogenous scenario calculations of the IEA. Factor analysis allows for an assessment of the contribution of separate factors in dynamics of net energy imports into the regional economies. The future prospects for fossil fuels’ exports on regional markets are considered. Priority markets for Russian energy exporters are identified.
The results of the paper may be used by decision-makers for adjustments in the system of government policy or corporate strategy.
The paper provides an algorithm to assess energy export flows to macroregions based upon the synthesis of quantitative and qualitative information. Experimental scenario calculations of the Russian fossil fuels’ exports are provided. Strategic decision-making map is elaborated.